☼maailma vaeseima presidendi tarkusi

presidentMaailma vaeseimaks presidendiks kutsutud José Mujica, hüüdnimega Pepe Mujica oli Uruguay 40. president. Vaeseimaks kutsuti teda aga seepärast, et ta elas presidendi jaoks tavatult tagasihoidlikult ning annetas 90% oma kuupalgast heategevusele.

Mind kutsutakse vaeseimaks presidendiks, ent ma ei tunne end vaesena. Vaesed on need, kes töötavad üksnes selleks, et ülal pidada oma kallist elustiili ning tahavad üha rohkem ja rohkem.

Sa oled õnnelik kas väga vähesega, vaba igasugusest lisapagasist, sest õnn on sinu sees – või sa ei saavutagi midagi.

Alati on võimalik taas jalule tõusta. Alati tasub kõike taas nullist alustada, olgu esimest või tuhandendat korda – seni kuni elad. See on elu suurim õppetund. Ehk teisisõnu – su vastupanu ei ole murtud seni, kuni sa pole loobunud võitlemast. Võitlemast loobud sa siis, kui loobud oma unistusest.

Ma ei toeta vaesust. Ma toetan mõõdukust. Me oleme leiutanud tohutu kuhja mittevajalikke vajadusi. Ostame uut, viskame minema vana… see on ju elude raiskamine! Kui mina midagi ostan või sina midagi ostad, siis ei maksa sa selle eest rahaga. Sa maksad tundidega oma elust, mida oled kulutanud selle raha teenimiseks. Vahe on aga selles, et elu raha eest osta ei saa.

Valitsused tegelevad sellega, et võita järgmised valimised, sellega, kellest saab uus boss. Me võitleme võimu pärast… ning unustame ära inimesed ja üleilmsed probleemid. Meil ei ole mitte keskkonnakriis. Meil on poliitiline kriis. Tsivilisatsioon on jõudnud punkti, kus on vajalik kogu planeeti hõlmav üksmeel – aga meie eemaldume sellest.

Inimloomus on nõnda ehitatud, et lõppude lõpuks õpid sa kannatustest palju enam, kui lihtsa elu elamisest.

 • Ametialaselt edukas olla pole raske, isiklikus elus edukas olla on tunduvalt raskem. Tõeliselt inimlik olla on tunduvalt raskem. Me oleme selle ära unustanud.

1935. aastal sündinud JOSÉ ALBERTO MUJICA CORDANO oli Uruguay president aastatel 2010–2015. Vasakpoolse vabadusvõitluse ühe juhina saatis sõjaväerežiim ta 1970–80-ndail 13 aastaks vangi, millest osa tuli veeta üksikkongis. “Ma olin seitse aastat ilma ühegi raamatuta! Mul oli aega mõtelda.” Praegu elab kunagine põllumees oma farmis Uruguay pealinna Montevideo lähistel.

Tuntud Serbia režissöör Emir Kusturica hakkas 2013. aasta lõpus väntama José Mujicast, sellest tema sõnul “poliitika viimasest kangelasest“ dokfilmi. Mujica tarkuseterad võtsin ma aga Prantsuse režissööri Yann Arthus-Bertrandi filmist “Human”. Mis teeb meist inimesed? Seda käis filmimees, fotograaf, ajakirjanik ja keskkonnakaitsja uurimas kolme aasta jooksul 2000 naise ja mehe käest 60 riigis. Siiraid, ehedaid ja vahetuid pihtimisi ehk filmi täispikkuses saad vaadata siit. José Mujica juttu täispikkuses aga vaadata ning ingliskeelsena lugeda siitsamast altpoolt.

I am José Mujica. I worked the fields as a farmer, to make a living in the first part of my life. Then I dedicated myself to the struggle for change, to improve life in my society. And now, I am the president. And tomorrow, like everyone, I’ll just be a can of worms, and disappear.

I had many setbacks, many injuries, some years in prison, anyway… the routine for anyone setting out to change the world. Miraculously, I’m still here. And above alI, I love life. I hope to present myself for the final journey like someone who goes into a bar and says to the bartender: This round is on me!

I stand out because my values and way of life reflect those of the society to which I am honoured to belong. And I cling to them! Being the president does not matter. I have thought a lot about all that. I spent almost ten years in solitary, in a hole. Plenty of time to think… I spent seven years without one book! That left me time to think. And this is what I discovered: Either you’re happy with very little, free of all that extra luggage, because you have happiness inside, or you don’t get anywhere!

I am not advocating poverty. I am advocating sobriety. But since we have invented a consumer society, the economy must constantly grow. If it fails to increase, it’s a tragedy. We have invented a mountain of superfluous needs. Shopping for new, discarding the old… that’s a waste of our lives! When I buy something, when you buy something, you’re not paying money for it. You’re paying with the hours of life you had to spend earning that money. The difference is that life is one thing money can’t buy. Life only gets shorter. And it is pitiful to waist one’s life and freedom that way.

Uruguay is a small country, and we don’t have a presidential jet. We don’t especially care to have one. From France we decided to buy a very expensive helicopter, a rescue helicopter with surgical facilities, to stand by in a remote area. Instead of buying a presidential jet, we got a helicopter that will be posted in central Uruguay to rescue accident victims, and offer ongoing emergency medical services. It’s so easy! Do you see a dilemma? A president jet, or a rescue chopper? It always comes down to that. It seems to me to be a question of sobriety.

I’m not suggesting we go back to living in caves or straw huts. Not at all. That’s not the idea. What I do recommend is that we stop wasting resources on useless things, on luxurious houses that require six servants to maintain. What good is all that? None of that is necessary. We can live much more modestly. We can spend our resources on things that are really important for everyone. That’s the real meaning of democracy, the meaning that politicians have lost. Because if it meant royal crowns, feudal barons, with clowns blowing trumpets when the lord rides out to hunt… If that was the idea, we’d be in ancient times. Why did we have revolutions? In the name of equality and the rest. All these presidential mansions are pretty much the same idea.

In Germany, they escorted me with 25 BMW motorcycles, they put me in a Mercedes-Benz, with doors that weighted three tons because of the armoring. What good is any of that? It’s a story… I’m a humble man, I take what comes, I manage with it, but still…

I must say what I think. It’s not a lack of resources. It’s a lack of governance. Governments are preoccupied with winning the next election, with who’s going to be boss. We fight for power… and we forget people and world issues. The crisis is not environmental. It’s political. Our civilization has reached a phase where we need a planetary consensus, and we are looking away from it. We are blinded by chauvinism and by the thirst for domination, especially the most powerful countries. They should be setting an example! It is shameful that for 25 years, since the Kyoto Accords, we are still dragging our feet to take basic measures. It is shameful. Man may very well be the only animal capable of self-destruction. That is the dilemma facing us. I only hope that I am wrong.

Human nature is constructed in such a way that you end up learning much more from suffering than from the life of ease. That does not mean that I recommend a quest for suffering or anything like that. But this is what I want to make people to understand: you can always pick yourself up again. It’s always worth starting from zero again, once, or a thousand times, as long as you’re still alive. That’s the biggest lesson in life. In other words, you are not defeated until you give up the fight. You give up the fight by giving up the dream. Fighting, dreaming, being down on the ground, confronting reality, that’s what gives meaning to existence, to the lives we lead.

You can’t live life when you nurse a grudge. And you can’t live going in circles. The grief I’ve known in life will never be healed. No on can take it back. You have to learn to pack up your scars, and keep going headed for the future. If I spend my time licking my wounds, I’m not moving forward. I see life as the road that lies ahead. What counts is tomorrow. I’ve been told, I’ve been warned, it’s an old saying you must remember the past or be condemned to repeat it. I know what humans are! The only animal who stubs his toe twenty times on the same pebble. Each generation learns from its experiences, not from those of others. I do not idealize humanity. What could one learn from someone elses’s experience? We learn only from what we go through ourselves. Anyway, that’s my vision of life. I don’t have any scores to settle.


3 thoughts on “☼maailma vaeseima presidendi tarkusi

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